What Is Communalism?
Communalism is an ancient political system of collective ownership of property. The property is usually land which is collectively owned by the community and satisfy the collective need of all. It may be collective owners of project, and private ownership of property is not allowed. Communalism is still in practiced in some part of Africa And Asia E.g India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka etc.
In a communal community members pursue a common goal collectively and properties like land are owned collectively and shared among members and equal basis. This system existed mostly in the pre-colonial era.
Features Of Communalism
The features includes:
1. The community owns the means of production and distribution.
2. There is absence of classes, the society has no class of people.
3. The means of exchange is the barter system.
4. There is adequate distribution of goods and services among the people in the community.
5. It discourage members from pursuing individual objectives or goals.
6. There is also the existence of Brother Keeper relationship as they go to one another in time of need.
7. The members of communal society share common culture identity.
8. There is no personal ownership of land.
9. There is collective ownership of project.
10. Communalism is a unifying factor of different families.