Table Of Contents
1. Meaning Of Military System Of Government
2. Characteristics Of Military Government
3. Reasons For Frequent Military Coups In Civilian Rule
What Is Military System Of Government?
A military regime is the type of government formed by seizing state power by force in a military coup. Military government rules by decrees and is not elected.
Nigeria, for example is one of the new states. Was not left out in this exercise on the 15th of January 1966, Some young military officers lead by Major Chukwuemeka Nze Ogwu sacked the First Republic Civilian Government (1963-1966).
Egypt experienced the firt military coup in 1952 colon colonel Abdel Nassar look over power. Similarly, Togo was the first West African State to experience a major coup which brought General Eyadema to the seat of power. In 196y after removing president Olympio in a bloody coup. Also, in 1966, Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana was removed from power.
Characteristics Of Military Government
1. Hierarchial And Centralised: The structure of military is hierarchial and centralized putting a premium rapid communication.
2. Decrees: Laws or rules are made through issuing of decrees. There is no place for constitutional law making body E.g Parliament.
3. Absence In The Rule Of Law: The military do not operate with a constitution. There is no respect for the rule of law.
4. Instruments Of Violence: The military monopolises the chief instrument of violence in the political system.
5. Discipline And Obedience: Obedience to higher commands are considered a priority.
6. Dictatorship: All military government are dictatorship.
7. Opposition: The military do not tolerate oppositions of any land.
Reasons For Frequent Military Coups In Civilian Rule
1. Lack Of Legitimate Base: The failure of the existing political institutions to establish a legitimate base and to win the respect and support of powerful groups within the state.
2. Low Level Of Economic Development: This may lead to military intervention in a country.
3. Regional Differences: This may be so acute as to precipitate citizens heading to direct assumption of power.
4. Tribal Loyalties: This is a problem facing new states, E.g in Nigeria, where tribe loyalties take procedure over loyalty to the central government.
5. Nationalism: In some state the army is identified with nationalism. The protection of the general interests and embodiment of the values of order and efficiency.
6. Allegation Of Different Proportion: Corruption, Nepotism, Mismanagement of Public funds, break down of law and order, rivalry etc are some of the allegation why there is military intervention in the political system.