Ghana’s climate permits the cultivation of a variety of crops in a pattern that emerged in earlier centuries in response to local conditions. As in other West Africa states, rainfall is heaviest in the south, where the forests and savannas benefit from abundant precipitation and relatively short dry seasons.
Here are the details about the profitable crops to grow in Ghana:
The staples are root crops, including cassava, yams, cocoyams and sweet potatoes.
Tree crops–cacao, oil palm, and rubber–constitute the area’s main commercial produce.
Cacao, from which cocoa is made, grows mostly in the southwest.
Oil palms (whose kernels can be made into palm wine) predominate in the southeast and are numerous in the south-central area.
Rubber stands are common in south-central and southeastern Ghana.
Smallholder farmers, who use simple production techniques and bush-fallow cultivation and cultivate areas of one-half to two hectares each, contribute two-thirds of farm production.
In most areas, some noncash crops are grown, such as sorghum, yams, cassava, cowpeas, millet, corn, cocoyams, sweet potatoes, and rice.
Some parts in Ghana, which experiences dry season of five to seven months, during which less than twenty-five millimeters of rain falls, lies mostly in the savanna zone. There, the staples are millet, cowpeas, and a drought-resistant variety of sorghum known as guinea corn.
Corn is also cultivated, as well as rice in suitable lowland areas. The dry area principal commercial crops are cotton and groundnuts. This area produces staples such as yams, sorghum, millet, cassava, cowpeas, and corn, with rice an important crop in some places.
The most significant commercial crop of the middle belt is sesame (or benniseed).
Most Ghanaians eat grains, but the production and consumption of sorghum (guinea corn) and millet are heavily concentrated in the dry areas.
These are the profitable crops to grow in Ghana.