Mozambique has a variety of regional cropping patterns; agro-climatic zones range from arid and semi-aCFVrid DDXCD(mostly in the south and south-west) to the sub-humid zones (mostly in the centre and the north) to the humid highlands (mostly the central provinces).
The most fertile areas are in the northern and central provinces, which have high agro-ecological potential and generally produce agricultural surpluses.
Southern provinces have poorer soils and scarce rainfall, and are subject to recurrent droughts and floods.
Farming Industry In Mozambique
With the large majority of agricultural production being rain-fed, weather variability is a major factor in determining crops performance.
The main growing season starts with the first rains in September in the south and December in the north.
There is also a minor growing season, based on residual soil moisture, from March to July, accounting for approximately 10 percent of total output.
Agriculture in Mozambique is for the most part based on small, hand-cultivated units often farmed by women-headed households.
About 97 percent of production comes from some 3.2 million subsistence farms averaging 1.2 hectares.
The smallholder sector in Mozambique is characterized by holdings of multiple small plots, multiple crops, rain-fed water, traditional varieties, low intensity fertilizer and pesticide use and little or no mechanization, and low productivity .
Most households diversify to cope with low productivity and income.
The majority practice extensive shifting cultivation , only about one-third sell any crop output, and almost two-thirds live in households that lack food security.
There are about 36 million hectares of arable land , suitable for agriculture.
However, only ten percent of the total area, 3.9 million hectares, is estimated to be cultivated.
The remainder of the area is under pastures (44 million ha) and
forest /woodlands (30.7 million ha) Mozambique’s surface is 784,955kmq, i.e: 78,5 million hectares.
However, the aforementioned data sum up to 110 million hectares – more than the actual surface of the country.
Major Crops In Mozambique
Food crop production is the most important agriculture sub-sector accounting for around 80 percent of the cultivated area (2009).
Maize and cassava are the major staples; other food crops include sorghum , millet, rice , beans ,
groundnut , sweet potatoes and a wide variety of vegetables.
Maize is grown in all regions of the country by about 79 percent of rural households and occupies about 35 percent of total planted area.
Cassava is grown mainly in the north and south-east, where it is the main staple.
This crop is an important component of the smallholder’s risk reduction strategy because it is drought tolerant and resistant to disease.
Groundnut is cultivated on sandy soils in most locations and makes an important contribution to household diet and income.
The main cash crops are tobacco, cotton , sesame , sugar and tea.
Tree crops , especially coconut and cashew , grown by small farmers, are an important source of foreign exchange earnings, and contribute to household food security.
Farming in Mozambique has taken a dramatic turn to a better direction in recent years, creating jobs and opportunities for entrepreneurs who dare to go into farming business.
Millionaires are currently being made every year through farming in Mozambique and there is certainly no end to the prospects of creating more wealth through farming in the coming years.
There are good reasons why farming in Mozambique is doing very well.
Understanding these reasons will help you (no matter where you come from) to think seriously about setting up farms in Mozambique.
1) There is no any other African country where Farming is as viable as it is in Mozambique in terms of productivity and profitability.
2) There is no other country where farmers are more advantaged as they are in Mozambique as regards demands for the produce. Take a look at my top five reasons why you must start Farming in Mozambique now.
WHY FARMING IN MOZAMBIQUE?
(1) Mozambique has a huge population of over 28 million plus citizens, More
than 80 percent of Mozambicans buy their farm produce from the market.
(2) Mozambique has large expanses of fertile farmlands laying fallow across the nation.
(3) Mozambican Government is seriously turning its attention to promoting farming in Mozambique to help boost food productions in the country and minimize food importation.
The government is willing to assist any would be farming entrepreneur/investors with the necessary supports and logistics.
LIST OF LUCRATIVE FARMING BUSINESS IN MOZAMBIQUE
1. Maize Farming:
You will never know the profit in Maize Farming in Mozambique until you try it. One thing we like about maize is that everything happens fast. It takes less than Four months between planting and harvesting.
2. Snail Farming:
Snail farming in Mozambique is said to be one of the most lucrative agricultural business you can start
with little capital.
But still, it is one of the most
ignored animal rearing business in this country Mozambique and other African Countries.
Snail farming provides one of the profitable opportunity to make money within a short period of time. But
why are Mozambicans & Africans not yet fully engaged in this money making snail rearing business? The reason is negligence.
3. Pig Farming:
Pig farming business is one of the lucrative business in Mozambique.
This business is so profitable that it can fetch you millions of money within a year. Another name for pig farming is piggery .
Pig farming is becoming more lucrative and expanding rapidly here in Mozambique and around the world. Do you know that pig meat is very high in demand in Mozambique and sells very fast anywhere (markets, shops, restaurants etc).
4. Poultry Farming:
Poultry farming is one of the cheapest and most profitable and lucrative farming business one can start in Mozambique.
This is a business one can venture into, which is generating thousands of
money weekly, monthly and on a daily basis.
There are many streams of income involves in poultry farming. Income through Eggs production, Income through their faeces (on manures),etc.
On this business, You can start earning within a year.
5. Catfish Farming:
If you dream to try yourself in agribusiness and dream to succeed in this field, then you should consider catfish farming.
In this write-up, we will provide you with catfish farming facts, give necessary information concerning catfish farming in Mozambique, consider the rules of breeding and growing fish in the subsidiary farm.
Keep reading because many interesting is ahead.
There are many kinds of fish growing in Mozambique, however, many people like catfish because its meat is juicy, soft and tasty.
However, not everyone knows that this fish can be grown quite easily even at a small fish farm, you can even organize catfish farming at home.
The African catfish is delicious, easy to keep and grows fast enough.
The biology of catfish is such that they can live without water for two days, breathing the usual air.
They have both gills and lungs.
This is a very strong and clever fish.
From the pits with water, where they fall, catfish can jump up to 2 meters in height and crawl to look for water.
Catfish farming is increasingly becoming an attractive form of agriculture for many Mozambicans
especially young people.
6. Plantain Plantation:
Plantain farming in Mozambique is one of the staple crops business in the country.
Plantain is as well a viable
source of income for small scale farmers who grow it in their garden.
Plantains grow in clusters because
every matured plantain plant produces a number of baby suckers which are not pruned out.
7. Rice Farming:
Rice is the world`s second most popular crop after maize.
Rice farming in Mozambique provides a lot of promises for a future businessman.
The position acquired by rice is attended by large demand on the
The agriculture sector is the best valuable business in the world.
Technology and Oil & Gas Industry can`t feed the population, while
crops can do that.
Therefore, rice production in
Mozambique, which is one of the most popular products in country – is promised to be successful.
8. Cassava Farming:
Cassava production in Mozambique is extremely simple.
The plant is to be placed in trays filled with soil.
This is where you stick the cuttings (stems) of the plant and within six months they will grow and turn into pretty big bushes.
When the leaves on the bushes start to
turn yellow, this means that the harvest is ripe. You can dig bulbs from the soil for eating or selling.
9. Cucumber Farming
Cucumber farming is one venture that can actually surpriseanyone who cares to go into it.
While thousands of young men and women are busy pursuing higher degrees in education and hoping to get employed by one big firm or the other, those who saw the goldmine in cucumber farming are not giving any damn to that as their ventures are adequately taking good cares of them financially.
10. Yam Business
Yam is another staple food that is in high demand in Mozambique.
You can start a large scale yam farming business or you can purchase the yams at a cheaper price.
Get involved in any of these Agricultural farming business in Mozambique today and you will never regret it.