How To Start A Quality Paint Production In Ghana

Why Paint Production ? Ghana has a very large and quickly
growing population.

New buildings are always being
erected and old buildings renovated.

Hence, one commodity
that will always be needed and will always be in demand is
paint!

With the right business plan and execution, you can
make millions from the Paint Production business.

However big the initial investment, with good marketing and
management, your investment will pay itself off multiple
times over.

Continue reading and We will tell you what you
need to know to make millions from Paint Production in
Ghana.

The first thing you will need to do is register your business
with the Corporate Affairs Commission (CAC). Registration
should be done as an LLC (Limited Liability Company).

When you do this, it is advisable to go through a lawyer, to
avoid yourself any confusion.

Where Should the Factory be ?

Proximity to the target market is very important because
you want to be able to deliver your goods on time.

Wherever you choose, be close to your intended customers.
Customer satisfaction promotes business.

How Big will the Site be ?

This depends on the scale of production you want to
venture into.

You can produce small, medium or large
scale.

Your set up could be within your very compound for
small scale production or in a factory for medium to large
scale but each comes with its own cost and its own
reward.

Producing the paint

There are different types of paints used in Ghana, some of
which are Emulsion, Gloss, Textured and Ceiling paints and
the basic components are;

1. The solvent: Some of the major paints used in Ghana
are either Oil based paints which are usually shiny and
glossy or water based paints which are not.

2. The pigment: This gives the paint its color.

3. Additives

4. Resins

All the ingredients needed to make paint can be found in the
market and all you have to do is buy them mix them into a
paste and package.

You don’t need any special education
to make paint because it is quite a simple process.

Just
ensure you make good quality.

Paint Production Chemicals and Usages
These chemicals can be used (with little addition and
subtraction) to produce the following

plains:- Emulsion
Paints, Texcoat Paints, Silk Paints, Screeding Paints,
P.O.P.Paints, Satin Paints, Stucco Paints, Road marking
Paints, Anti-rust Paints, Primer/undercoat paints,
Aluminum Paints, Fire retardant Paints, Glossy/Oil enamel,
Mosquitoes/Insect repellent Paints

Introduction to chemicals

These are the chemical to be used in the production of
emulsion paint and others.

Like We said, they are readily
available in the market where chemical is sold.

While some
like water is naturally available everywhere for free.

Here is
the list of some of the chemical components:

1. Water (used for mixing)

2. Titherni (used only for the production of white paint)

3. Calcium carbonate (Calcium)

4. Colourite

5. P.V.A

6. Formalin

7. Nitrosol

8. Ammonia

9. Hydrosol

10. Marble dust

11. Acrydext

Others include

12. Geniple

13. K14

14. Bama cork

Functions of the chemicals

1. water

Water is used to mix all the chemicals together. It must not
be a hot water.

You can use any type of clean and neat
water with normal water temperature.

However, We prefer soft
water to cold water. It helps to mix the paints more easily.

2. Titherni

It is whitening chemical in powdery form. You can always
get it where they are selling paint chemical, or rather
industrial chemical.

Just ask of titherni it will be given to
you. It performs the function of making sure that you with
paint is shining and not dull.

This is the secret of some big
names in painting industry.

We shall give you the ratio
down the line. It is only used when you are producing with
paint.

That does not mean you cannot use it in other
colours but the function is more significant in white paints.

3. Calcium Carbonate

This chemical is also in powdery form. It is packaged in
bags and they write CalCo on it. It is made by so many
companies, We would not like to advertise any but just ask of
calcium and it will be given to you.

Now calcium carbonate is of two or types
We have delomite and cacite.

Both are good but delomite is
recommended if you are producing pure white paint and
cacite is better in off white (dirty white) paint.

4. Colourite

This is the most important of the entire course.

It involves
the ability of mixing some colours to get a desired result.

It
is not difficult at all if you have initiative and artistic eye.

These are the colours we have in raw form ( please permit
me to call them primary colours because all other colours
in the painting industry is gotten from them)

They are: yellow ( we painters call it cream), Red, Black,
Blue, and Green.

All other colours are gotten from a
combination of one or two of these.

What about White paint ? You might ask.

Well we do not
need to have a pure white colour because, we make our
paints with CalCo and it gives us white naturally.

In fact
once you put your calcium in water you get white paint. I
hope that is clear.

Important Facts about Colours

We shall cover how to mix the paints to get particular
result.

But for now just know that colours can be found in
paste or oxide.

When we say colours are in paste we mean
that they are in condensed liquid form (like your pomade),
when they are in oxide it means they are in dust form (like
your wife’s powder).

A colour like cream has both oxide
and paste.

Red and black are mostly in oxide, green and
Blue are in paste.

For those who might be wondering which
one to use between the yellow oxide and yellow paste,

We suggest that if you want the colour you are producing to be
deep yellow like MTN colour, you should use paste,
otherwise use oxide.

CAUTION: you MUST dilute the colours very well with a little
water before you apply it to your paint.

For example if you
get a red oxide, pour a cup of water in a different container
mix thoroughly.

If not, your paint will be having dotted
stains as you roll it on the wall.

5. P.V.A.

This chemical is very important. We guess you might have
seen a situation where after painting a building, when you
rub your hand on the surface it will be dusting.

That is as a
result of ill usage of this liquid formed chemical.

In our
experience, some big names in the painting industry do not
even know how to use it.

But you not worry, We will tell you
and who know you might become their next consultant.

Scale of production

Small Scale

To make paint on a small scale, you don’t need a factory,
you don’t even need electricity, all you need to do is buy
the ingredients and mix them.

The mixing can be done by
hand or you can purchase a portable electric mixer.

It is
that easy! Total start-up costs could be lower than $1000.

Just make sure that your product is good quality!

Medium Scale

For this type of production, you will need a small factory,
equipment such as, a mixing tank, sand mill and paint filter
machine to produce large volumes of paint in the least
amount of time and a truck for delivery.

You would need a
few employees to handle to equipment and deliver the
paint.

Start-up costs could be between $5000 to $6000.

Large Scale

For large scale production, you will have to purchase an
automated Paint production plant.

It is expensive, but any
serious business person will reap massive rewards from
his/her investment in no time.

The start-up cost for this
would be above $10,000.

One 20 litre bucket of paint goes for about 14 – 25,000
naira depending on the brand.

At this rate, in a year you would have made
your money back with extra to pay any recurrent
expenditure.

In a few years, you would have made the
money back in multiples.

Marketing

Regardless of the scale of production, you need to develop a
good marketing strategy that will bring customers to you
and great customer service to keep them with you.

You can
sell to the paint wholesalers and retailers around you.

Remember, making the paint is the easy part, the part that
requires work is selling it.

Be at ease though, most of the
work is at the beginning because once you’ve established a
market and have good quality, the customers will keep
coming back.

You can start small and scale up as time passes, or you
can start big.

Either ways, paint production is a great way
to multiply your investments in Ghana.

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