How To Start A Lucrative Pineapple Farming In Ghana

Wish to set up a business of your own and still
having difficulty picking the right niche ?

Then this
article will be quite helpful for you! Read it till the
end, and you will be craving to plant pineapples.

The advantages of the business, pineapple
cultivation, farms, varieties and even much more
are described here.

The chance of success is very
high and very possible! Just start a pineapple farm
in Ghana, and you will see!

Pineapples rank second on the list of the most
consumed fruits in the world and constitute up to 20 %
of the world’s production of all tropical fruits.

Approximately 70 % of all grown pineapples are eaten
fresh by residents of the countries where they grow.

Brazil and Paraguay are homelands for this fruit, and
these was where pineapple was discovered for the first
time.

It is still unknown how it managed to reach
Africa.

The leading producers of pineapple are Nigeria, Brazil,
China, Thailand, the Philippines, India, Mexico, Costa
Rico, Indonesia, and Kenya.

These countries are
responsible for the production of pineapples for global
use.

Hawaii is one of the world’s largest producers
and suppliers of the fruit. It mainly supplies the USA
and Japan.

Since the 1960s, the level of pineapple farming has
increased dramatically. The fruit popularity in the
whole world can be explained by the breeding of new
species, in particular, one that is referred to as ‘Gold’.

This sort was ‘born’ in Hawaii and became widely
popular in the 1970s.

Since then, the global volume of
canned pineapples trade doubled.
Nowadays one of two ripe fruit is sold.

The rise of
consumer demand for fresh pineapples and juice has
made it such that the business is profitable for both
large and small corporation.

How to plant pineapple ?

A pineapple is a very typical tropical fruit.

Everyone
knows what it looks like and how it tastes, though the
process of planting and harvesting is unknown to most
people.

To become a professional in pineapple farming
you should first understand all the peculiarities of the
plant.

Let’s take a look at the issue in a more detailed
way and get to know what this special plant really is
Pineapple is a tropical perennial and herbaceous plant.

When mature it can reach up to 2 meters in height, on
the condition that it grows on bare land.

The plant has
got a flat, squat stalk and firm foliage. It looks more
like a bush than grass.

It grows rapidly after planting. Its stalk becomes thick
and possesses dozens of intertwined leaves.

Pineapple
foliage is narrow and pulpy with sharp barbs on edges.

As a rule, they reach up to 70 cm in length. Due to
this, the plant may easily go through dry periods.

Its
special leaves structure is very helpful because they
absorb large quantities of fluid.

After a year or so of robust growth, a pineapple starts
blooming with many spike-shaped flowers on the top.
Its blossom is hermaphrodite.

As for colours,
pineapples may be violet, red, yellow, etc. according to
the variety. Every flower produces a berry.

The
pineapple berries grow and become juicy.

Eventually,
they join together and form the fruit that we are
accustomed to seeing on store shelves.
That is why it
has got such an odd ‘cell’ look.

If the pineapple flower was pollinated, the berry might
contain tiny seeds that affect the fruit negatively, in
particular, its edibility and price. Pineapple farmers try
their best to get rid of the plant’s pollination.

In the
wild, hummingbirds pollinate the plant.

After the ripening process is completed, a pineapple
gets new shoots from leaves ‘bowls’.

They are often
used for vegetative propagation. If you reduce these
side appendages, the plant will blossom and bear
berries sooner.

After the second harvest, farmers
uproot pineapples and plant new ones in their place.

In addition to the situation where side shoots of
pineapples are reduced, farmers frequently make use
of the seeds and the plant top too.

As for the top of a
ripe pineapple, it is a distinct crown of young leave.

It
is very possible that it may turn to a ripe fruit under
the right conditions.

Besides the cultivated kinds, there are wild pineapples
which have got smaller fruit with plenty of seeds.

Such
pineapples are special treats for some animals.

How to breed pineapple ?

This exotic fruit can be bred in several ways:

1. Using the tops of the fruit. If you cut the top and
plant it in bare soil or even into a flowerpot, the
‘topknot’ will take roots in some time.

2. Using side shoots. These seedlings are cut when they
lay down roots.

3. Making use of seeds.

The seeds are in ‘cells’ under the peel of the fruit and
look like apple seeds.

They are collected only in
overripe pineapples. Undoubtedly, the plant will grow.
However, it will only bear fruit after a few years.

Pineapple production in Ghana at plantations

As we know, the biggest pineapple plantations are
American, Australian, African, and Asian.

Ghanaian
specialists know how to get a juicy fruit quickly.

For
that purpose, they utilize only the particular kind that
takes less time for maturity and less intensive
production technologies.

The stalks with roots, which are 20 cm in height at
least, are planted in 2 rows. The distance between rows
is up to 2 meters.

To get a mass crop and make the
plant blossom, the stalks should be processed with
acetylene.

The gas makes it possible for pineapples
buds to appear at the right time.

To get a ripe pineapple fruit, farmers cover the flowers
to prevent pollination.

For this purpose, they use
special ‘hoods’ or protective measures against insects
and birds.

Nowadays, farmers often make use of mechanical
means for irrigation, fertilizing, weeds and insects
management.

Following above-mentioned tips, one can
get up to 3 harvests a year in the tropics.

How to plant pineapples in a hothouse ?

The root system of pineapples let to plant them in a
rather small layer of soil.

To prepare it correctly one
has to mix:

– garden ground;

– peat;

– humus;

– perlite;

– charcoal.

The plants should be irrigated with acidified water
because pineapples grow pretty well on the soil with
slightly increased acidity.

The water must be the same
temperature as the air in a greenhouse.

To get a rich crop, pineapples are smoked or processed
with acetylene.

Consequently, with careful tending and
high-quality planting material, pineapples in hothouses
start yielding fruits not later than the ones on a bare
land in tropical countries.

What should a farmer take into account when
starting pineapple business ?

First of all, a farmer has to make a pineapple farming
business plan where every tiny nuance is taken into
consideration: from the planting phase to the
marketing.

The first phase of work is to pick an appropriate spot
for a plantation.

The place must be sandy, the soil
slightly acidified. To get a rich crop a person must
work hard.

The crucial issue is soil preparation: it
should be tilled and uprooted thoroughly.

Keep in mind that pineapples love water, so the
question of irrigation must be dealt with beforehand.

Think of pineapple species. Pick the most suitable ones
for planting and marketing.

Luckily, there are plenty of
them for every preference.

Experts often recommend
choosing the least demanding and the
hardiest variety.

One of the best species is ‘Mauritius’ (it is used for
commercial farming and stable enough to withstand
long distance transportation).

‘MD-2’ (the plant hybrid
bred in 1990’s; the fruit is bright yellow, shiny gold;
the flesh is sweet and juicy with a low level of acidity)
is also widely spread all over the world.

As for
‘Smooth Cayenne’, it should be mentioned that it takes
a longer time to get ripened; the flesh is juicy but
tough.

This variety is used predominantly in Africa
because it is quite resilient and productive.

Therefore,
it is quite prudent to concentrate on those varieties
which are in high demand.

Do not forget about preventive measures against pests,
insects, birds, and fungi.

It is better to protect
pineapple sprouts with herbicides and insecticides
when the need arises.

It is necessary to remove the weeds and be careful soil
fertilizing.

Do not forget that while growing, pineapple
shootings need a lot of useful substances.

So, a smart
farmer has to consider this too.
The last phase is to gather the harvest and prepare it
for sale.

Only a well-shaped fruit is suitable for
marketing, thus, do not forget to get rid of bad-shaped
and rotten pineapples.

From this information, it is evident that setting up a
pineapple farming is not extremely difficult.

Of course,
it demands financial resources to start the business as
well as human resources, skills, endeavors, and time.

It
should be noted that pineapple production is a time-
consuming process.

Over a period of time the farmer
could get some significant profits, unfortunately this
will not happen immediately.

Pineapple business seems to be a very sought-after
niche in Ghana owing to rich natural resources like
the country climatic conditions, fertile soils, and,
importantly, insatiable appetite for pineapples in the
world.

Since there are millions of ‘pineapple-addicts’,
pineapple farming will always be needed in this state.

We expect you to start your pineapple farming without
a hesitation. Good luck!

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