Piggery which is also known as pig farming is a profitable aspect of farming in Kenya that can make cool cash to your bank account on a daily, weekly and monthly basis. If you’re into pig farming, you can attest to the fact of never lacking money again. The primary reason why you’ll make money from this business is due to the high demand of pork meat in Kenya and the meat sells fast in the local and international markets. Another reason to consider this business is that pigs reproduce in large numbers and grow super-fast.
Do you know that one pig can give birth to as much as 12 piglets at a time, making it one of the most reproducing livestock in the world. Piglets are also called shoat or farrow. A male pig is also known as Boar while the female is a sow. A group of pigs is called a herd or drove.
Despite the huge ROI in pig farming, a lot of Kenyans are still ignorant and adamant about this billion-dollar business. While some still doubt the profitability of this business, the few Kenyans who are in the business can tell you that this is the right business to start and smile to the bank daily.
Pig Farming In Kenya: Overview
Pig farming, a branch of animal husbandry, is the process of breeding and raising domestic pigs for personal or commercial purposes in a piggery. Pigs are largely a native of the African continent and belong to the genus Sus, which is within the family of even-toed ungulates.
The domestic pigs raised are descendants of their ancestors, the Eurasian wild boar and some other species not in their genus, such as the warthog and the babirusa.
Before we proceed, you would agree that pig meat is one of the commonly eaten meat in homes, hotels, bars, joints, relaxation spots, and so on.
Advantages Of Pig Farming
1. They sell at great prices.
2. They have a strong immune system.
3. Cheaper to raise than many other farm animals.
4. Pigs have low mortality rate.
5. Excessive global demand than supply.
6. Source of income and employment.
7. The pig reproduction rate is very high.
These are some of the benefits you will enjoy in pig farming as a pig farmer.
Pig Farming Opportunities
Pig skin, though sensitive, can be great leather products used in manufacturing American footballs, boots, furniture, shoes, belts, gloves, saddle seats, and many more items. With its business opportunities spanning into the leather industry, your ability to diversify your pig farming income from just food production to leather production can lead to an increased return on your investment.
2. Food Production:
The consumption of pork and other pig related products is at an extremely high rate around the world. As earlier stated, it trumps the consumption of sheep, goats, and even cattle in many parts of the world. This excessive consumption and demand for pig products makes it more than a lucrative farm business to venture into. With demand far exceeding supply, raring the right pig breed and building a network of associates to supply to, whether locally or via exports, makes it a highly profitable business for both newbies and experienced pig farmers to execute.
How To Start A Pig Farming Business In Kenya
1. Buy A Farmland For Breeding
If you are a newbie to pig farming, then a plot of land wouldn’t be bad for a start. For large scale pig farming, a big farmland will be worthwhile because it will enable the pigs to graze in the open and then retire to the pen where they’ll continue feeding and playing.
In pig farming business, the land is your primary investment. Once you can secure a pig farmland, you’re halfway near a successful business empire. Buying a farmland in rural areas can save you lots of money. It’s best you do in-depth research regarding getting a farmland for this business. Once the land is set, you can be transporting your goods to nearby town. Sometimes, butchers may even come to your farm to buy, thus saving you cost for transportation. Getting a large farmland favors the growth of pigs because the pigs will be able to graze around and also exercise their bodies by playing.
2. Construct Modern Pens
Setting up a big pen is necessary if you don’t want the pigs to injure themselves. A well- equipped and spacious pen can save you lots of money which would have been spent on treating diseases. A proper drainage system is essential to avoid stagnation of water around the pen which could attract disease vectors.
To prevent your pigs from getting dirty, building a water pool water pool where they’ll play, swim and cool themselves will be necessary. This concept is essential for their wellbeing.
3. Purchase Healthy Pigs
Doing a proper research on pigs can as well save you lots of cash. When you buy piglets with untraceable history, you’ll lose a lot of money. You should consider buying piglets with a history of vaccination.
It is advisable to start with a small number of piglets and then increase gradually. This way you’ll be able to learn the nook and cranny of pig farming business and eventually, your risk will be minimal.
You’ll also the need the services of a veterinary doctor for regular checkup and vaccination as well as proper feeding and nutrition practices.
4. Employ Or Hire Workers
If you’re starting a small scale pig farming business, you can employ at least 2 or 3 persons to help you out in cleaning the pigs and pens as well as feeding them on a regular basis.
5. Good Feeding
Good feeding is essential for the growth and development of pigs. Healthy feeding implies good sales. If you don’t properly feed your pigs, your pig farming business is bound to fail. Pigs need foods containing a high amount of fibre, carbohydrates, vitamins, protein and minerals to grow properly. The sole aim of feeding pigs is to make them market ready, so feeding should be properly done.
Pigs like other livestock animals need a constant supply of fresh water. We all know the behavior of pigs and we must ensure that their water is changed regularly. Galvanized troughs are easy to clean and should be part of your pig farming budget. Whatever promotes cleanliness and healthy living to your pigs should be properly carried out.
Problems Of Pig Farming
Problems facing pig farming mostly ranges between these listed below:
1. High cost of water and electricity in some areas.
2. Lack of experience.
3. Low quality feed from local suppliers.
4. Unproductive pig stock.
5. Pests and diseases.
6. Poor marketing.
7. High cost of good quality pig feed.
8. Inadequate supply of a sort after pig breed.
Pig farming like many other livestock farming practices is a lucrative venture to get into. With the right training, funding, and general resources, you start and grow a successful pig farm.