Meaning Of Simple Farm Tools And Their Uses And Maintenance (Types)

Agricultural Science

Table Of Contents

  • Meaning Of Simple Farm Tools
  • Types Of Simple Farm Tools
  • Maintenance Of Simple Farm Tools

Meaning Of Simple Farm Tools

Simple farm tools are simple, handy tools used mainly by peasant farmers. They are designed to help the hands to apply force in farm operations.

Types Of Simple Farm Tools

Here are some common simple farm tools and their functions discussed below:

1. Cutlass: This is the tool most commonly used by farmers. There are two main types, One has a slightly curved blade with a short wooden handle, while the other has a straight metal blade and a short wooden handle. One edge of the metal blade is sharp and the other is blunt.

Functions/Uses Of Cutlass

1. For cutting down and clearing bushes and trees.

2. For transplanting seedlings.

3. For planting seeds and harvesting crops.

4. For weeding farmlands.

Maintenance Practices

1. Cutlass should be sharpened regularly.

2. Keep it in a dry and cool place.

3. Metal parts should be oiled or greased before storage.

4. It should not be left lying about.

2. Hoe: The hoe consists of a metal blade which may either be round or slightly rectangular in shape with a wooden handle which can be either long or short. There are two types of hoe which are The West African Hoe (It has short and wooden handle and a round metal blade) and West Indian Hoe (It has a long wooden handle and a rectangular metal blade).

Functions/Uses Of Hoe

1. Hoe is used for land preparation.

2. It is used for making ridges and heaps.

3. For planting or transplanting some crops.

4. For harvesting some crops.

5. It is used for weeding.

Maintenance Practices

1. Sharpen blunt blades.

2. Keep in dry and cool places.

3. Oil or grease metal blade before storage.

4. Clean or wash after use.

3. Spade: Spade has a long wooden handle and a broad metal blade. The edge of the metal blade is sharp so that it can easily be driven into the soil.

Functions/Uses Of Spade

1. Spade is used for lifting soil and completely turning it over.

2. It is used for levelling soil.

3. For digging holes during transplanting.

4. For mixing cement/concrete for farm structures.

Maintenance Practices

1. Store in a dry and cool place.

2. Keep away from rain and termite attack on wooden handles.

3. Sharpen the blade regularly.

4. Shovel: Shovel is just like spade. It has a long handle but the blade of a shovel is hollow and broad with a rectangular or round edge.

Functions/Uses Of Shovel

1. It is used for lifting or transferring soil from one place to another.

2. For making garden paths.

3. For levelling the ground and removing stones or rubbish.

4. To load materials from ground level into wheel barrow.

Maintenance Practices

1. Store in a dry and cool place.

2. Oil, grease or paint metal parts.

3. Clean after use.

5. Garden Fork: Garden fork usually has four prongs or teeth which taper to a point. The prongs, made of hard metal are about 20cm long, mounted on a long metal or wooden handle of about 70-80cm long.

Functions/Uses Of Garden Fork

1. It is used for turning manure during compost making.

2. It is used for loosening the soil before transplanting.

3. It is used for loading manure.

4. It is used for loading hay.

Maintenance Practices

1. Apply grease to avoid rusting.

2. Clean after use.

3. Keep in dry and cool place.

4. Paint metal parts before long storage.

6. Hand Fork: The hand fork consists of a piece of metal with three or four short flat prongs. Some have short wooden handle while others are entirely made of metal.

Functions/Uses Of Hand Fork

1. It is used for loosening surface soil or breaking soil clods.

2. It is used for light weeding.

3. For mixing small quantity of soil or manure.

4. For working manure into the soil.

Maintenance Practices

1. Store in a dry and cool place.

2. Paint, oil or grease to prevent rusting.

3. Clean or wash after use.

7. Screw: A screw is a piece of metal consisting of a pin threaded c with a pointed end. The other bigger end has a narrow hole or cut on top in which a flat screw driver can fit in during using.

Function/Uses Of Screw

It is used to hold two or more pieces of metals or wood in position in farm machineries, equipment and structures.

Maintenance Practices

1. Keep tool in a cool, dry place.

2. Rub with oil or grease to prevent rusting.

3. Use appropriate screw driver to screw in or screw out to avoid it wearing out.

Other Simple Farms Tools Are:

1. Hand trowel

2. Rake

3. Axe

4. Pick Axe or Digger

5. Headpan

6. Watering can

7. Mattock

8. Pruning Saw

9. Sickle

10. Harvesting knife

11. Root-loading Fork

12. Hay fork

13. Manure Drag

14. Wheelbarrow

15. Crowbar

16. Bradawl

17. Budding knife

18. Emasculator

19. Shears

20. Secateurs

21. Hammer

22. Mallet

23. Pliers

24. Spanner

25. Screw driver

26. Nut and Bolt

27. File or Chisel

General Maintenance Of Simple Farm Tools And Implements

The following maintenance practices or precautions are to be adopted to prolong the “life span” and effective use of farm tools.

1. Tools should be washed or cleaned after use.

2. Oil, grease or lubricate movable joints to reduce friction.

3. Turn or store upside-down for water to drain out where necessary, e.g., watering can.

4. Sharpen blunt edges or blade where necessary.

5. Paint, oil or grease metallic parts against rusting where necessary.

6. Store in a cool, dry place.

7. Replace worn-out parts.

8. Check and tighten loose nuts and bolts daily or periodically.

9. Follow manufacturers’ instructions before using implements.

10. Handle tools with care and use for intended purposes only.

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