How To Start A Sheep And Goat Production In Ethiopia

Do you want to know more about sheep and goat farming in Ethiopia? Is it profitable enough? All the important sheep and goat farming tips are here.

Sheep And Goat farming In Ethiopia

1. The life cycle of goats: 9-17 years.
2. Goat feed: grass, green branches of trees and shrubs, also grain.

Obvious advantages of sheep and goat farming business in Ethiopia are the simplicity of sheep and goat feed and the animal’s adaptability to almost any climate.

Remember that goats are herd animals which means they thrive with company. So, before you begin, make sure you have several goats and not just one.

Types Of Goats

1. Dairy Breeds:

These species include Alpine, Nubian, Dwarf, LaManchas, Oberhasli, Saanen goats. Such goats have long lactation period and are able to give from 5 to 8 liters of milk per day.

2. Meat Breeds:

These include Spanish, Boer, Kiko, Beetal,Tennessee. These animals have large body mass, they can gain weight very quickly.

3. Wool Breeds:

These are Angora, Pygora, and Cashmere goat types. The wool quality is very high, so it is highly valued in the enterprises.

4. Dwarf Breeds:

These are dwarf and Pigmy goats. For the beginners, these species are of no interest. The animal’s only quality is its attractive appearance.

Sheep And Goat Production In Ethiopia


Goat milk is a highly nutritious product that is useful to both adults and children. Unlike cow milk, there is no need to boil goat milk: it is bactericidal one. Goat milk can be taken as a basis for making dairy products, in particular, goat cheese.
The amount of milk depends on types of goats. The best ones can produce up to 4 liters of milk per day.


Goat wool is used in the production of fabrics, carpets, and knitwear. Some types of goats give the valuable kind of wool — cashmere. In comparison with
sheep wool, goat fly-wool products are lightweight and soft, this is an advantage.


Goat meat is highly nutritious, it is rich in fatty acids and differs from the meat of other animals as it has a lower amount
of cholesterol.

How To Start Sheep And Goat Farming In Ethiopia

If you have decided to start sheep and goat farming, first of all, you need to prepare a business plan. It includes:

1. Defining of the goal of your business, objectives, and direction;

2. Finding the right location for farming (pasture);

3. A collection of needed documents for launching a business;

4. Purchasing of equipment and care items;

5. Organization of the technological process of meat and milk obtaining;

6. Ways of realization of ready products.

The most important part is the purchase of livestock. It is better to obtain young animals from reliable people. Find an
experienced seller who will advise you on where to buy both animals and equipment.

Goat farming tips for choosing a goat

Sheep And Goat Farming Tips For Choosing A Goat

– Animals should look healthy. The hair should be smooth and make sure there aren’t any shreds. Healthy adult goats should have 32 teeth.

– Do not purchase sheeps goats that are too young. The highest productivity of lactating goats usually begins after the first lambing. In addition, it does not
make sense to take animals older than seven years, at this age, productivity usually goes down.

– If possible, try to milk your future goat. This will help you to learn the character of a goat.

– Ask for all the veterinary certificates and vaccination.

Sheep And Goat Farming Business Plan In Ethiopia

Let’s return again to the importance of business plan preparation. It undoubtedly must include these steps:

Acquiring A Large Pasture:

Your goats must graze freely, so an optimal space will be about 50 – 100 acres, everything depends on the number of goats you plan to have.

(Sources of fresh and clean water are crucial)

Making Pasture Fencing:

A 4-5 ft high fence will help you to prevent your goats from wandering off without control. You may create special play areas and zones.

Building Of Goat Barns:

Goats will stay there when it is dark or the weather is rainy. They should be free of dampness, drafts, and pests like flies
and rodents.

Acquiring Right Goat Breeds In
Accordance With Your Aims:

Decide what the aim of your goat
production is. In Ethiopia, the
aforementioned goat types guide will help you make the right choice.

Choosing The Best Feeding:

It is recommended to enrich goats daily ration with 12%-18% protein containing feed. Avoid feeding them with urea. Provide them with enough fresh grass, hay, grain. Add vitamins, minerals, and salt.

Veterinary Service:

If you want to keep your goats healthy, you need to take care of their health by regular visits to the vet.

Get engaged in profitable sheep and goat farming business as soon as possible. Baby goats are not only cute but can also make you a lot of money!!!