Chilli pepper farmers or upcoming pepper farmers wants to know the cost of a Bag of chilli pepper. We will tell you how to know the price but first of all lets give you details about chilli pepper farming in Ghana.
Chilli pepper farming in Ghana is one of the many profitable farming ventures we have in the country today. Forget the millions of Ghc you will reap from the planting and selling your Chillies in and out of Ghana, Chillies just like most Vitamin crops have a high nutrient content and contains Vitamin A, Vitamin B, Vitamin C and other valuable minerals such as potassium, manganese, magnesium and iron.
If grown well, chillies have the potential to earn any farmer millions in revenues in a single year. As if the local market is not enough, you can grow your chillies for exportation and sell it on the outside market through the numerous chilli exporters in Ghana. If you are planning in getting into the chilli business then the following guide should help you reap great benefit from your little gold mine.
How To Grow Your Chilli:
One thing before you start your Chilli farming venture you ought to understand is that Chillies do well in hot weather. The warmer it gets the hotter and better the growing conditions for your chillies however this does not rule out its viability in other areas as long as the temperatures do not fall below 15 degree Celsius. The other important growth requirement for chilli growth is enough sunlight.
Adequate sunlight means that you will have your Chillies flowering and propagating at the right time.
Chilli Varieties In Ghana
When it comes to Chilli cultivation Ghana has a number of Chilli varieties that are best for most areas around the country. The common chilli varieties represented in the market include Bird Eye, Habareno, Cayenne pepper, and among others.
Conditions For Hot Chilli Pepper Farming In Ghana
In most cases, chillies grow in high altitude areas of about 1500m above sea level
As stated earlier the warmer the temperature the better your yields. Chillies being warm seasoned crops require a temperature of around 20-30 degrees C for the growth and setting of the fruit. At this stage, chillies are very sensitive to frost.
Night and day temperatures below 16 degrees celcius and above 32 degree celcius have a negative impact on the fruits growth and therefore every farmer needs to take this into account if they are to realize good yields.
When it comes to rainfall, your chillies require minimum rainfall of about 600-1200 mm annually. In excess of this might cause the shedding of the leaves which consequently brings about rot.
Chilli cultivation does well in well drained soils, slightly loamy and non-acidic this is particularly true when it comes to capsicums.
However with the right soil testing and management chillies perform well in a number of soil types. The optimum soil pH for your chillies is 6.0- 6.5 however, soil pH of 4.3-9.7 can also work for other chillies varieties.
If you are planting your chillies for commercial market, it is important that you tutor your plants first before transferring them your farm.
vi. Diseases and pest control
Chillies are not special, just like with any type of plant, chillies are prone to pests and diseases. The most common types of pests are the thrips, mites, Aphids and white flies. These however can be prevented by using the recommended insecticides, soil treating and weeding out in advance the host plants.
vii. Harvesting -chilli yield per acre
The market for hot pepper in Ghana is actually something to write home about. Farmers who have grown this plant for years can attest to the fact that the chilli market in the country
is paying off well. If you are interested in this trade then it is important we mention that once you have paid attention to the above factors, you will be able to reap yields of about 1,000 kg to 3,000 kg per acre. On average these numbers mean that you will be able to harvest 600 grams of fresh chillies from a single plant and up to 3 tons of chilli per acre annually.
Chilli Buyers In Ghana
One guaranteed fact when it comes to chilli cultivation is the ready available market. When growing your chillies you need not to be scared as there is enough market right from the local consumers to the export market.
Chili Pepper Farming Business Plan And Techniques
A good agribusiness venture starts right at the planning phase. With the right information in terms of chilli growing conditions methods and markets, you should be able to profit greatly from your chilli pepper farming in Ghana business.
How Much Is A Bag Of Chilli Pepper In Ghana
Market prices for bag of pepper chillies in Ghana keeps on updating weekly. So lets estimate it to be Ghc 270 to Ghc 300. But to know the current prices for pepper chillies in Ghana, You need to visit any local markets around you or any Chilli pepper farmer to know the prices.
Start your research journey today by considering the above factors.