Topic: HIV/AIDS In Civic Education
Table of Contents
- Meaning Of HIV
- Meaning Of AIDS
- Causes Of HIV/AIDS
- Symptoms/Effects Of HIV And AIDS
- Later Signs For HIV/AIDS
What Is HIV?
This is an acronym for Human Immune Deficiency Virus. It is a vetre virus with genetic form of RNA. It belongs to the group of virus that is largely disasterous and devasting. It is fragile virus and cannot stay long outside the body system.
What Is AIDS?
This is an acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It is a viral disease and a deadly transmissible diseases of the immune system caused by Human Immune Deficiency Virus (HIV). It is called syndrome because it consists of several disease.
There is a general assumption that almost everyone who diagnosed with AIDS will die, But all who is HIV infected may not progress to AIDS if the body is constantly maintained with Anti retroval therapy (ART).
Cause Of HIV/AIDS
HIV came from Simian Immune Deficiency Virus (SIV). The viruses had at some time crossed species from chimps to human in 1983, researchers in the United States And France described the virus that causes Aids known as HIV belonging to the group of virus called Retroviruses. HIV infection develops or causes AIDS. Aids itself is the development of a low CDT cell count (Zoo cells/MMS) or any of a list of complication of HIV infections ranging from a variety of so called opportunistic infection such as cancers, neurologre symptoms and wasting syndrome.
Aids is caused by HIV which occurs when the virus has destroyed so much of the body’s defenses, that immune cell counts days to critical levels of certain life threatening infections or cancers develop.
Although, all HIV viruses are similarly or similar, all variation or mutations in the genetic material of the virus creates drug resistance viruses- larger variation im the different viral subtypes. Currently HIV is the predominant subtypes that causes AIDS.
Symptoms/Effects Of HIV And AIDS
Many people with HIV do not know they are infected. Many people do not develop symptoms after they first got infected with HIV. Others have a history of a flu like illness with several days to weeks after exposure to the virus. Early HIV symptoms include Fever, Headache, Tiredness and enlarged lymph nodes in the neck. The symptoms usually disappears on their own withing few weeks. After, the person feels normal and has no sign of it. This is called a Symptomatic Phase, it often last for years.
The progression of disease varies widely among individuals. This state may last from a few month to more years. During this period, the virus continues to multiply actively, affects and kills the cells of the immune system. The virus destroys that are primary infection fighters, a type of white blood cell called CDT cells. Even though there are no symptoms, the infected person is contagious and can pass HIV to others.
Later Signs For HIV And AIDS
The centre for disease control (CDO) documents that the following signs and symptoms may be warning signs of later stages of HIV:
1. Rapid weight loss.
2. Dry cough.
3. Recurring fever.
4. Profound and unexplained fatigue, swollen lymph glands in the armpit groin and neck, diarrhea lasting for more than a week, white spot or unusual blemishes on the tongue, in the mouth or throat, pneumonia, memory loss, depression and other neurological disorder.