The General Definition And Explanation Of Government:
1. Government As An Institution Of The State.
2. Government As A Process Or Art Of Governing.
3. Government As An Academic Field Of Study.
1. Meaning Of Government As An Institution Of The State
Government as an institution of the state is defined as the body or agency through which people organise their needs and capacities for the greater or ultimate of everybody. As an agency of the state, the government possesses the “Exclusive authority” in making and enforcing law within the givern territorial area. It implies that the government is an established body of person’s vested with the power and authority to regulate, control and protect people in the state.
In summary, Government as an institution of the state refers to the organs or arms of government which are: Legislative, Executive and Judiciary.
2. Government As A Process Or Art Of Governing
Government as a process or art of governing refers to the process of ruling the people in the society.
Examples Of The Activities Of Government Include:
1. Taking decisions.
2. Implementing decisions.
3. Co-ordinating and managing of the state resources.
4. Undertaking defence and security of people.
5. Making and formulating rules and policies respectively.
These activities are carried out under three organ or arms of government which the legislative make laws, executive implement the law, judiciary unterpret the law and punish offenders.
3. Government As An Academic Field Of Studies
As an academic field of study, Government can be defined as social science subject of study which deals with the institutions of the government and their action in the process of ruling. It means that government is studied like every other subject taught in the secondary school system like History, Geography, Economics, CRS, Commerce, Psychology, Sociology etc.
As a subject, Government involves the study of political institutions in the state, Examples: Political parties, Pressure groups, Electoral commission, Political ideas and Values (E.g constitutionalism, democraic principles). It also involves the study of the relationship that flows from the activities of government with the people (i.e the political process). The study of people ensures that the political process are organise and stable (Civil servants, Armed forces, Politicians or Elected representatives.)
In summary, Government involves the study of agencies, political institutions and dynamics of the states. Government has also developed systematic and scientific techniques which are used for solving problems in the society.