Goat farming is one of the most lucrative animal rearing business in Kenya anyone can engage in. The goat meats are consumed and accepted widely around the world. Also the goat milk is rapidly gaining popularity and being sold in supermarkets and hotels.
Here in Kenya, the goat milk is not that popular due to farmers are only focusing on its meat and not taking advantages of the opportunities in goat milk production. Would you be the farmer to make this happen? The meat is believed to be the best animal meat available anywhere in the market for good reasons. Not only does the meat taste great, it is also lower in fat than chicken but contains higher protein than beef, that makes it better than chicken and beef.
Is Goat Farming A Profitable Business?
Goat farming is very profitable because the demand for goat meat is so huge! If you have ever been to a bar, then you must have noticed how desired the goat head is in Kenya.
It is almost impossible to get an exact figure for the goat meat market size but experts estimate that the annual goat meat sale is at 3 billion with a possibility of growth if the supply increases.
Besides, the goat farmers can earn from goat milk and goat cheese before they finally use the goat as meat. This means you will have more than one stream of income by beginning a goat farm.
If you are thinking of exploring goat farming as a business venture, it is important to note that goat farming will be highly profitable if you consider it a commercial venture from the onset.
Goat Farming In Kenya
Some of the things you will need to get started in the goat farming business are:
1. Getting The Knowledge
Goats are of different kinds. Some are kept for their meat and some are kept for their milk. You will have to learn about goats and choose the type you would like to keep then learn a bit more about the specific type you’ve chosen.
Also there is a need to gain knowledge about goat farming. If you don’t know anyone that rears goats, it may be time to make some research and go for tutors, Read about commercial goat production as well. Never begin any business without adequate knowledge of what you are going into.
2. Business Plan
After becoming knowledgeable in matters concerning goats and goat farming, you will need to plan out how to structure your goat farming business to make it profitable. One thing to keep in mind is that goat farming may not be capital-intensive but it takes longer time to produce returns unlike chicken or fish. A goat farm will typically take two to three years before it becomes an income generating ventures so there is a need for you to have a plan on how you will finance the farm before it starts yielding. The process of coming up with a business plan will help you understand the business aspect of your goat farm better.
You could begin a goat fattening business before graduating into goat farming if you are short on cash.
3. Good Location And Fencing
Goats are herbivorous animals. They feed on plants therefore a good location for setting up a goat farm will be a place where you can easily find pasture or set up a grazing land. You will need to build a shelter for the goats against rain. The shelter has to be well ventilated and comfortable enough for the goats to relax and chew-the-cud.
Goats can roam very far if not restricted therefore, a fence will help restrict their movement and keep predators and thieves away. Your goat farm needs to have access to water – not necessarily clean water because goats are resilient animals – but they need lots of water.
4. Purchase Your Goat
After deciding on what type of goats you want to rear, and making a suitable habitat for your goats, you will need to acquire very high quality breed of the goats. Every goat you bring into your farm must be very healthy so as to avoid a spread of infection that could make you lose your investment.
For the Kenyan weather, you should consider stocking your farm with the Day goat, Pygmy, Nubians, Saanen, Boer or the Maradi breed. You should consult a Veterinarian to inquire which of this is appropriate for milk and meat production.
With all these in place, you are very good to go into goat farming business. Since goat does not necessarily feed on processed animal feeds, your cost of production will be highly reduced because they will be eating natural nutritious plants in their pasture that grows on their own.
The demand for goat is higher than that of cattle and sheep. This is because the fat content in goat meat is lower than that of cattle making it to be more preferred.
It is also worthy to note that the number of goat rearers are few when compared to poultry and fish farming. That is the reason why goat business will remain evergreen because the ratio of buyers is more than supplies.
You can do goat rearing business as a part time business. All you need do is to schedule a time plan for feeding and care of the goat.