Analysis Of Chapters Of The 1999 Constitution

Chapter 1: General Provisions (Parts 1 and 11, Section 1-112) Supremacy of the Constitution; the Federal Republic of Nigeria is one indivisible and indissoluble Sovereign State. Powers of FRN – Legislative, Executive and Judicial powers; Local Government System, Creation of New States, New Local Government Areas and Boundary Adjustments; Alternation of Constitution; prohibition of state religion, etc.

Chapter 11: Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy (Section 13-24).

The government and the people; Political, Economical, Social, Educational, Environmental and Foreign Policy Objectives; Natural Ethics, Duties of the Citizen, etc. Nota Bene: These Provisions are NOT JUSTICIABLE.

Chapter 111: Citizenship (SECTIONS 25-32)

Citizenship of Nigeria- by birth, registration, naturalization; Dual Citizenship; Renunciation/Deprivation of citizenship, etc.

Chapter 1V: Fundamental Rights (Sections 33-46)

Right to: Life, Fair hearing, Dignity of the human person; private and Family Life, Personal Liberty, etc.

Freedom of: thought, conscience, religion, property, peaceful assembly and association; freedom of movement, expression and the press, etc.

Chapter V: The Legislature: Parts 1 + 11 (Sections 47-129).

Part 1: The National Assembly- Composition and Membership

Senate- 3 per State + 1 for FCT total 109 Senators (Age 35 years minimum)

House of Representatives: 360 members representing 360 Federal Constituencies by population. (Age 30 years minimum)

Qualifications for membership of National Assembly (Sections 66-70-); Elections (71-79); Powers NASS and Control over Public Funds (Ss. 80-89).

Chapter VI: The Executive (Part 1, 11, 111, Sections 130-129)

Part I: Federal Executives: (Section 130-175); Office of the President Qualifications For Election (Minimum Age: 40 years); Removal from office/impeachment (Ss. 143); Permanent incapacity/Succession (Ss.144).

Federal Executive Bodies, Commission, Councils, Boards etc (Ss. 153-161); Public Revenue (Ss. 162-168); Public Service of the Federation (Ss. 169-175).

Part II: State Executive (Ss. 176-212) Office of the Governor of a State; Note: Official Title Governor and Chief Executive of a State (NOT “Executive Governor”)? (S. 176)

Qualifications for Election- Minimum Age: 35 years (S. 177)

Removal from Office/Impeachment (S. 188) Permanent incapacity/Succession (S.189) Establishment of certain State Executive Bodies (Ss197-205); The Public Service of a State (SS 206-212)

Part III: Supplement Provisions (SS. 213-229)

a. National Population Census (S. 213)
b. Nigerian Police Force (SS. 214-216)
c. Armed Forces of the Federation (SS. 217-220)
d. Political Parties (SS. 221-229)

Chapter VII: The Judicature (parts I-IV; Sections 230-296)

Part I: Federal Courts: (Sections 230-296)

a. The Supreme Court of Nigeria: The Apex Court of Highest Appellate Jurisdiction (Sc. 230-236)
b. The Court of Appeal (SS. 237-248)
c. The Federal High Court-Jurisdiction, Powers, Constitution. Practice and Procedure, etc (Ss. 249-254).
d. The Highest Court of the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja (Ss. 255-259).
e. The Sharia Court of Appeal of FCT Abuja (SS. 260-26)
f. The Customary Court of Appeal of the FCT, Abuja (SS. 265-269)

Part II: State Courts; (Sections 270-284)

A. High Court of a State (SS. 270-274)
B. Sharia Court of Appeal of a State (SS. 280-284)

Part III: Election Tribunals (Section 285)

Part IV: Supplemental (Section 286-296)

Chapter VIII: Federal Capital Territory, Abuja and General Supplementary Provisions (Parts I-IV; Sections 297-230)

Part I: Federal Capital Territory, Abuja (SS. 297-304)

Part II: Miscellaneous Provisions (SS. 305-308)

Part III: Transitional Provision and Savings (SS. 309-317)

Part IV: Interpretation, Citation and Commencement (SS. 318-230).

The Schedules And Their Major Contents

First Schedule: List of States of the Federation and F.C.T., with component Local Government.

Second Schedule: Exclusive and Concurrent Legislative Lists, etc.

Third Schedule: Federal And State Executive Bodies, F.C.T. etc

Fourth Schedule: Functions of the Local Government Councils

Fifth Schedule: Oaths (As presented for Various Public Offices plus Oath of Allegiance to the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

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