Topic: Agro-Allied Or Agro-Based Industries
- Meaning Of Agro-Allied Industries
- Agro-Based Industries And Raw Materials Used In Each Industry
- Relationship Between Agriculture And Industries
At the end of this article, readers should be able to:
1. Define agro-allied industries.
2. List agro-allied industries.
3. Name 14 agricultural products that are used by industries as sources of their raw materials.
4. State and discuss the relationship between agriculture and industries.
5. Explain how industries depends on agriculture for their raw materials.
Meaning Of Agro-Allied Industries
Agro-allied industries also called Agro-based industries are industries which depend on agriculture for their raw materials in order to operate successfully.
In other words, agro-based industries require the supply of agricultural raw materials in order to provide some finished products that are essential for human and animal consumption.
Agro-Based Industries And Raw Materials Used In Each Industry
1. Oil mill >> Oil seeds
2. Soap industry >> Oil seed/oil
3. Cigarette/tobacco >> Tobacco leaves
4. Textile/Ginnery >> Cotton
5. Breweries >> Cereals
6. Fruit canning >> Fruits
7. Paper industry >> Pulpwood
8. Sugar industry >> Sugarcane
9. Plywood/Saw mill >> Wood
10. Flour mill >> Cereal/Grains
11. Starch >> Cassava, maize
12. Tyre >> Rubber latex
13. Feed mill >> Groundnut, maize, etc.
14. Beverage coffee >> Cocoa, tea.
Relationship Between Agriculture And Industries
There is a positive and wide range of relationships between agriculture and industries. These relationships include the following:
1. Provision Of Market: Agriculture provides market for industrial products such as farm machinery, chemicals and fertilizer.
2. Provision Of Food: Agriculture also provides food for industrial workers.
3. Provision Of Raw Materials: Agriculture provides raw materials such as cocoa, cotton, palm produce and groundnut for industries.
4. Shifting Of Factors Of Production: Agricultural development allows for a shift of factors of production like land, labour and capital to industry.
5. Competition For Labour: Both agriculture and industry compete for labour.
6. Development Of Industrial Sector: Rise in agricultural income due to efficient and economic factor combination brings about development of industrial sector of the economy.
7. Provision Of Essential Goods: Industries provide a large range of desirable goods that farmers want to buy.
8. Provision Of Agro-Chemicals: Industries produce agro-chemicals for agricultural uses. Examples are: pesticides, fertilizers, vaccines and herbicides.
9. Provision Of Storage Facilities: Industries provide storage facilities for agricultural produce, e.g. Milk, fruit, vegetables, meat, fish, etc.
10. Provision Of Processing Facilities: Industries also provide processing facilities such as grinders, millers, etc for agriculture.
11. Provision Of Agricultural Tools And Machinery: Industries produce machinery and equipment for agricultural uses. Examples include tractors, ploughs, cutlasses and hoes.