Topic: Factors Affecting Land Availability For Agricultural Purposes
- Factors Affecting Land Availability And Uses In Nigeria
At the end of this article, readers should be able to:
1. Identify physical, economic and social factors affecting land availability for agricultural purposes.
2. Briefly explain how each of the factors affects land availability and use.
Many factors affect land availability and uses in Nigeria. These factors directly or indirectly determine whether land will be available for agricultural and non-agricultural purposes. These factors include:
1. Ecological Factor: The nature of the land will be available for agricultural purposes or not. A dry and not swampy land will be suitable for livestock farming while a wet and swamp lands will be good for swamp rice production.
2. Population Density Or Population Growth: The higher the population, the lower the availability of land for agriculture and vice versa.
3. Rate Of Growth Of The Population: The lower the rate of growth of a population, the more the land availability for farming purposes high population growth lead to land fragmentation.
4. Climatic Conditions: Wet and raining conditions favours tree crops production while dry climate with little rains favour livestock production like goat, sheep and cattle.
5. Topography Of Slope Of The Land: Flat or gentle slope of the land encourages farming while steep slope of the land discourages farming because of the effect of gully erosion.
6. Socio-Cultural Factors: Some cultural factors may forbid the rearing of certain animals e.g. The Islam religion forbid the rearing of pigs in the environment.
7. Economic Factors: Availability of good capital or finance promote agricultural activities while inadequate finance discourages intensive farming.
8. Prevalent Land Tenure System: The type of land tenure practice in area will determine whether such land will be available or not for agricultural purposes.
9. Fertility Status Of The Land/Soil Type: Fertile soils are generally known to support agricultural activities whereas, poor as infertile soils do not support crop farming.
10. Degree Of Land Degradation: The level of land degradation will determine whether such land will be available for agricultural purposes. Land that are prone to erosion will not be suitable for farming.